2012

During the 2012 excavation season, the Doric temple dedicated to Asclepius and Hygeia was fully uncovered so that the whole monument has now come to light. This was made possible with the partial removal of the built wine press of the early Christian period which covered part of the western side of the ancient temple (FIG.55)” href=”http://ancientthouriaexcavation.gr/wp-content/gallery/thouria-images/54.jpg” rel=”lightbox[389]”>(FIG.54)
The top flat surface of the crowning of both pedestals preserve traces of footprints that belong to bronze statues representing small children, now unfortunately lost. The dedicatory inscription that is inscribed on the façade of one of the pedestals states that two parents named Damofantos and Nikandria dedicated to Asclepius and Hygeia the statues of their two sons, Damothales and Eythymos.

Two smaller almost cubic limestone bases are placed in front of the two pedestals. The first, supports a rectangular pillar, with a dedicatory inscription to Hermes on the façade.

During the excavation in the area, in front of the two pedestals and higher than the layer of the ramp towards the entrance to the temple, a large number of scattered architectural members was found, most of which come from the ionic colonnade of building B’.

More specifically, three parts of fluted columns along with two ionic capitals in good preservation came to light. (FIG.57)” href=”http://ancientthouriaexcavation.gr/wp-content/gallery/thouria-images/56.jpg” rel=”lightbox[389]”>(FIG.56)

After the complete uncovering of the plan of the temple, we now know its exact dimensions. The length of the temple is 9,40m in the stereobate and 8,80m in the stylobate. Its width is 6,10m in the stereobate and 5,50m in the stylobate. The total height of the two stepped crepida is 0,46m. (FIG.58)” href=”http://ancientthouriaexcavation.gr/wp-content/gallery/thouria-images/58.jpg” rel=”lightbox[389]”>(FIG.58)

The altar is rectangular (dimensions: 3,30m long, 1,15m wide and 1,48m high). It consists of a base, body and crowning, decorated with a cymation. The entire surface of the altar is covered with white plaster, while on the side of the crowning traces of blue and red color can be distinguished that come from the painted decoration that adorned it. It should be noticed that part of one corner of the altar is located under the foundations of the overlying church dedicated to Panayitsa.

At a distance of 0,40m west of the altar, a second smaller cylindrical stone altar was found in situ with an inherent rectangular base (dimensions: 0,57m diameter and 0,62m high), which is also covered with white mortar and with traces of blue color on its surface . (FIG.60)” href=”http://ancientthouriaexcavation.gr/wp-content/gallery/thouria-images/59.jpg” rel=”lightbox[389]”>(FIG.59),, as well as pieces of antefixes with rosettes, two bronze coins (one belongs to Messene and it is dated to the 3rd c. BC), a number of bone ankles and a small glass one (FIG.61)

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